The Four C’s of Diamonds

Everyone knows, diamonds are “a girl’s best friend” but they are also a big investment. Before you start shopping for the perfect diamond, it’s essential to find out what’s most important to you. Here are the four c’s to keep in mind:

1.     Cut

The way a diamond is cut and polished affects the amount of light that is able to pass through the stone. The amount of light brightens the appearance of the stone, which is where it gets that undeniable sparkle. For example, if a diamond is cut too shallow or too deep it can decrease the amount of light making it appear dull or dark. Here’s an example of an emerald cut ring crafted by Robert Pelliccia exclusively available at J.R. Dunn.

 robert pelliccia

 2.     Color

This is really an oxymoron when it comes to diamonds, because the highest grade diamonds are colorless. However diamonds do come in every color of the rainbow. Color grade D means the stone is colorless and has a higher value than a diamond grade Z which has a light yellow tint.

3.     Clarity

Types of inclusions found in diamonds can be feathers, which are tiny cracks within the diamond that don’t have a large impact on durability. Crystals are another flaw that can appear in clusters which makes the diamond darker, lowering the clarity grade.

4.     Carat

Last but definitely not least is carat, which is the actual weight of the stone. Carat sizes can range from less than one carat to over 100 carats. According to the Gemological Institute of America “rarity means larger diamonds of the same quality are worth more per carat.”


Now that you know your four c’s, we’ll see you at JR Dunn soon!